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Citing Your Sources

Academic Integrity

Avoiding Plagiarism


Plagiarism is often unintentional.

It usually lends credibility when you integrate a scholar's idea into your work, but it is imperative that you do it properly. To avoid plagiarism follow these guidelines: 

Paraphrase your Source


One common way to incorporate others’ ideas is to paraphrase. Paraphrasing is restating ideas from an original source using your own voice and giving credit to the original source.

Quote your Source


Another common way to incorporate another person’s ideas is through direct quotation. Direct quotation is an extended word-for-word duplication of an author’s original writing. Quotation also requires that you give credit to the original source.


Cite your Source (AKA Give Credit to your Source)


When you paraphrase or quote someone else's idea, you must cite your source:


1)    Within your paragraph. This is called an “in-text citation.”
Your in-text citation includes brief information a reader will need to find the complete reference in your list of sources such as the author, date or page numbers.


2)    At the end of your paper in a list of sources. This list is called “References,” “Works Cited,” or “Bibliography.”
All the sources in your list must include the complete information needed to identify and retrieve that source (author’s name, title of work, date of publication, URL, etc.).

Here are some links to tutorials that will help you understand more about plagiarism and how to avoid it: