Skip to main content

California Environment Information Sources

General Introductions

    For histories of works on California flora and vegetation classification see the History of the Statewide Floras of California (Sathrum) and the History of Vegetation Classification in California (Sawyer and Keeler-Wolf)

    • California Invasive Plant Inventory (California Invasive Plant Council) 2006, with 2007 update. Summarizes the impacts, potential for spread, and distribution of more than 200 non-native plants that invade wildlands in California. Categorization is based on an assessment of the ecological impacts of each plant and represents the best available knowledge of invasive plant experts in the state. The associated California Invasive Plant Inventory Database allows one to search by region.

    • California Plant Community Information System (NatureBase) 1997 ( Ref QK 149 C37 1997) CD-ROM database that includes descriptions of 200 plant communities (43 Munz & Keck communities and nearly 150 series from A Manual of California Vegetation). Includes cross-references from Holland's 1986 California terrestrial natural communities and Munz & Keck communities to series from A Manual of California Vegetation. Features brief descriptions of over 1,000 trees, shrubs, perennials and annuals that can be accessed by plant community and name.

    • California Vegetation (Holland & Keil) 1995 (QK 149 H64 1995) Textbook that provides a general introduction to the environmental influences on and the history of California vegetation followed by short descriptions of California's major plant communities. Intermediate in scope between Ornduff'sIntroduction to California Plant Life and Barbour's Terrestrial Vegetation of California.

    • California Wildflowers (California Academy of Sciences) Contains descriptions and photos of 125 common California wildflowers. Search by scientific name, common name, family or color.

    • California's Changing Landscapes: Diversity and Conservation of California Vegetation(Barbour) 1993 (QK 86 U6 C34 1993) Popularly written work that discusses individual California plant communities in relationship to how they have changed over time due to humans impacts beginning with Native Americans, what has replaced them, and what the future holds for them.

    • Centres of Plant Diversity: AmericasCalifornia Floristic ProvinceKlamath-Siskiyou RegionNorth American Serpentine Flora and Vernal Pools (Smithsonian Institution and IUCN) Of 250 sites worldwide California contains four sites that have been identified as a center of plant diversity in need of conservation. Each sites contains information on its geography; vegetation types; flora (endemism, floristic affinities, number of rare and endangered species, specific areas of high diversity and endemism); useful plants; social, economic and environmental values; threats, and conservation efforts and needs.

    • Common Riparian Plants of California: a Field Guide for the Layman (Farber and Holland) 1992. (QK 149 F269) The definitive wetland field guide to California's riparian plants.

    • Contributions Toward a Bryoflora of California
      1. I. A specimen-based catalogue of mosses (Norris and Shevock) Madroño 51: 1-131, 2004. Lists 596 mosses documented for the state of California. Each species entry contains the following attributes: 1) literature references for that species in California, 2) citation(s) for illustrations, 3) statewide distribution based on physiographic provinces, and 4) citation of representative specimens.

      2. II. A key to the mosses (Norris and Shevock) Madroño 51:132-269, 2004. Includes keys for 731 mosses known to occur in the Pacific States of Washington, Oregon, Nevada, and California. In addition these keys also include mosses recorded from Baja California, Norte, Mexico.

      3. III. Keys and Annotated Species Catalogue for Liverworts and Hornworts (Doyle and Stotler) Madroño 53(2):89-198, 2006. Provides keys and identification narratives for the 150 liverworts and hornworts documented for California. It is similar to the catalogue and key to the mosses, with the added feature of diagnostic narratives to separate species beyond the use of the keys.

    • Ferns and Fern Allies of California (Grillos) 1966 (QK 525 G73) (California Natural History Guides # 16) Includes keys and descriptions of 87 species in California.

    • Flora of the Marshes of California (Mason) 1957 (QK 938 M3 M3) Standard taxonomic work on the plants of the salt, alkaline, and freshwater marshes of California

    • Fungi of California (Wood and Stevens) Includes descriptions and photographs for over 400 California fungi. Browse by species or genus or use a simple key.

    • Grasses in California (Crampton) 1974 (QK 495 G74 C7) (California Natural History Guides # 33) Includes sections on distribution of California grasses, key to grass genera, and descriptions of 162 species.

    • Guide to Plant Communities of California (Las Pilitas Nursery) Descriptions of California plant communities as adapted from Munz's California Flora. Search by zip code or city.

    • Illustrated Flora of the Pacific States, Washington, Oregon, and California (Abrams and Ferris) 1923-1960 (QK 143 A3) This four volume work features line drawings for every species that illustrates their diagnostic features, especially seed, fruit and flower characters. These illustrations are very helpful to lay readers and beginning botanists. The work is noted for its references to synonomy and original publications. Keys, which cover such a broad geographic range, can be overly inclusive for utility at the extremes of their range and taxonomy and nomenclature are outdated. For further information see History of the Statewide Floras of California.

    • Illustrated Manual of California Shrubs (McMinn) 1964 (QK 484 C2 M24) Systematic and descriptive account of the shrubs of California that lists about 800 species and 200 varieties of native shrubs.

    • Introduction to California Plant Life (Ornduff, Faber and Keeler-Wolf) 2003 (QK 149 O73 2003) Popularly written overview of California's flora, plant communities, and the environmental factors and human impacts that determine their pattern of distribution.

    • Introduction to California Soils and Plants: Serpentine, Vernal Pools, and Other Geological Wonders (Kruckeberg) 2006 (QK 86 U6 K78 2006) (California Natural History Guides # 86) Introduction to basic principles of plant geography and plant endemism with specific examples from California. The book shows how California geology has created unusual soils and land forms--serpentines, carbonate rocks, salt marshes, salt flats, and vernal pools--which in turn has resulted in a great biodiversity in plant life. Includes a directory of sites to visit that show how landforms and soils influence plant life.

    • Invasive Plants of California's Wildlands (Bossard, Randall and Hoshovsky) 2000 (print copy available in SB 612 C2 I58 2000) Contains information on the history of invasive plants in California, their managment and species accounts for 78 nonnative plant species that are listed by the California Exotic Pest Plant Council as being of greatest ecological concern in California.

    • Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California (Hickman) 1993 (Ref QK 149 J56 1993 and general bookstacks) This field guide is the most comprehensive identification guide to native and naturalized vascular plants of California. It describes the features, habitats, and ranges of 5862 native and 1023 naturalized species found in California. 4000 plants are illustrated in more than 200 b/w plates. Plant group treatments vary in quality depending on the author. Each taxa includes key traits and may include information on horticultural requirements, endangered status, toxicity, weed status, and sensitive species management. Identification keys are designed for ease of use. For further information see History of the Statewide Floras of California.

    • Lichens of California (Hale and Cole) 1988 (QK 587.5 C2 H35 1988) (California Natural History Guide # 54) Contains keys, species accounts, and range maps for 325 of the 1000 lichen species found in California. Also includes general comments on the structure, chemistry, and ecology of lichens.

    • Manual of California Vegetation (Sawyer and Keeler-Wolf) 1995 (print copy available in ref QK 149 S28 1995) The standard guide to California plant communities that contains keys and descriptions of 275 California vegetation series, each of which is characterized by a dominant species. Each series description includes information on species composition and structural features; habitat-associated factors; geographic range and elevation; relationship to other classification systems; status; literature references; unique comments about the series; associations included in the series; and a color image of the series. The print edition includes 40 pages of literature references not included in the online edition. Published by the California Native Plant Society this classification has been widely adopted by federal, state, and non-governmental organizations in the state.

    • Serpentine Geoecology of Western North America: Geology, Soils, and Vegetation (Alexander) 2007 (Digital book available to HSU users only) Introductory chapters cover the geology, hydrology, soils and plant life on ultramafic rocks and serpentine soils.  The longest part of the work contains descriptions of 112 serpentine sites arranged into 10 domains. California domains include the Sierra Motherlode, Southern California Coast Ranges, Northern California Coast Ranges and Klamath Mountains. Each domain includes information on the geology, soils and vegetation of that domain with more specific descriptions for each site in the domain.  Appendix G includes a list of “California Plant Taxa Endemic to Serpentine”.

    • Terrestrial Vegetation of California (Barbour, Keeler-Wolf and Schoenherr) 2007 (ref QK 149 T44 2007) The standard scholarly treatise on the major vegetation types of California that covers their physiognomy, species composition, geographic distribution, and relationships with the environment and with humans. Correlates with the 55 vegetation type delineated by Kuchler on the Natural Vegetation of California map.

    • Trees and Shrubs of California (Stuart and Sawyer) 2001 (ref QK 149 S73 2001) (California Natural History Guides # 62) Scholarly field guide to the woody plants of California's wildlands. Intended for both amateurs and professionals. Includes 200 line drawings, 300 range maps, 40 color plates and easy-to-use plant keys.

    • Weeds of California (Robbins, Bellue and Ball) 1951 (Cal Doc A 500 W44 1951) Includes taxonomic keys and descriptions for approximately 700 introduced and natural weeds in California. Stock-poisoning plants are included, but are treated in less detail than the strictly weedy species of cultivated areas. Includes color and B/W illustrations.

    • Weeds of California and Other Western States (DiTomaso and Healy) 2007 (ref SB 612 C2 D58 2007) Includes species accounts for 677 non-native weeds and approximately 140 native weedy species. Most accounts are illustrated with at least one color photo. Also includes an accompanying cd with the same color digital photos. Species accounts include taxonomic descriptions at various life stages, habitat, distribution, propagation and management. First major work on weeds of California since Robbin’s 1951 work Weeds of California. Complement to Aquatic and Wetland Weeds of the West written by the same authors in 2003.

    • Wild Flowers of the United States (Rickett) 1966-1975 (Ref QK 115 R5) (6 vols. in 14 parts) Vol. 4. The Southwestern States in three parts and Vol. 5. The Northwestern States in two parts cover California. Designed for the amateur botanist this multi-volume work attempts to include all wildflowers of the United States. Non-technical keys get users to the generic level where there are desciptions and color plates of each species.

    Guides and Bibliographies

    • Bibliography of Floristics in Southern California (Thorne) Two part bibliography arranged by author that contains literature pertinent to the floristics of southern California. Part 1 contains literature covering the entire region of southern California. Part 2 containing literature covering local, named areas of southern California.
    • California IN Guide to Standard Floras of the World (Fordin) pp 244-198. 2001 (print copy available in ref QK 45.2 F76 2001) Lists major floras for California in general, southern California, northern California and the Channel Islands.
    • California Floras: Literature on the Identification and Uses of California Vascular Plants (Smith) 2003 (print copy available QK 149 S67) (Humboldt State University Herbarium Miscellaneous Publication #1) Bibliography of floras, manuals, checklists, theses, dissertations, web sites, and other references that can be used by those interested in the identification and uses of California's vascular plants. Arranged in three sections: 1) entries by geographic unit--regional, national and state parks, counties; 2) entries by plant group; and 3) entries by habitat, growth forms and use.
    • California List of Scientific and Common Plant Names (DeGarmo) 1980 (ref QK 149 D44) In two sections--scientific name arranged in alphabetical order and common names arranged in alphabetical order.
    • California Native Plant LINK EXCHANGE (Malpas) Contains links to websites with information about California native plants, indexed by scientific or common name. Each species entry includes basic taxonomic and distribution information; links to other reference sites; sources of online images; nurseries that sell the plant; information about growing the plant; and specific places where the plant has been observed.
    • California Plant Names: Latin and Greek Meaning and Derivations (Charters) Includes about 4,000 references to name derivations. In addition to Latin and Greek derivations includes many references to people who names have been used in nomenclature.
    • Species Reports: Listings and occurrences for California (US Fish and Wildlife Service) Lists over 300 federally listed endangered and threatened plant and animal species in California. Each listed species includes links to status information, life history, NatureServe Explorer species accounts, recovery plans, conservation plans, Federal Register documents, and news releases.
    • Index to California Plant Names (Rosatti) Lists 15,000 scientific names from a variety of sources (e.g., the Jepson Manual, specimens, checklists, floras) that have been applied to California plants. Each entry may include links from the Jepson Flora Project to a description and bioregional map from the Jepson Manual, specimen data and maps generated from the SMASCH database of theConsortium of California Herbaria, and entries in Jepson's Flora of California; and external links to entries in CalPhotos, International Plant Names Database, Tropicos and the Plants Database.
    • Special Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, and Lichens List (California Department of Fish and Game) Lists taxa that are actively inventoried by the California Natural Diversity Database which is a computerized inventory of location information on the most rare animals, plants, and natural communities in California.
    • Species Explorer (California Department of Fish and Game) Online directory of California plants and animals that contains basic taxonomic information, photos and status information with links to species accounts and other documents that contain information on the species. Browse by broad taxonomic grouping or search by specific species. Information in the directory is synthesized from the California Natural Diversity Database, the California Wildlife Habitat Relationships database,NatureServe, UC-Berkeley Plants, and DFG-Moyle Fish.
    • State and Federally Listed Endangered, Threatened and Rare Plants of California (California Department of Fish and Game) Annual list of the plants found within California that have been classified as Endangered, Threatened or Rare; or proposed for listing by the California Fish and Game Commission (state list); or by the U. S. Secretary of the Interior or the U. S. Secretary of Commerce (federal list).
    • Special Status Plant Management Program (US Bureau of Land Management California Office) Lists federal and California State endangered, threatened, rare and proposed species and other "sensitive" plants found on BLM lands in California. Browse by scientific name, common name or geographically by BLM district office. Each listed species includes a short species account.
    • Web Index of California Wild Plants: natives - naturalized - common escapes - invasives (California Native Plant Society) Searchable database containing more than 8,000 California plants found outside of cultivation. Search by scientific or common name to display an entry that contains basic taxonomic information about the species, an image, and links to additional information found at eight potential sites -- CalFlora, CalPhotos, Jepson Online, USDA PLANTS, CA Native Plant Link Exchange, Encycloweedia, Google, and CNPS Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants.

    CA - Vegetation Maps

    Vegetation Types Bay / Delta Bioregion

     

    For background information see "History of Vegetation Classification and Mapping in California" (Keeler-Wolf) IN Terrestrial Vegetation of California (Barbour, Keeler-Wolf and Schoenherr) 2007, pp. 1 - 42 ( print copy available in Ref QK 149 T44 2007)

    Guides and Indexes

    • California Vegetation Map Catalog (Information Center for the Environment) Includes records for vegetation map data sets that cover the entire state or specific parts of the state, with an emphasis on county-level or larger data sets. Search by keyword, county, ecoregion or hydrologic unit.
    • Checklist of Online Vegetation and Plant Distribution Maps (UC Berkeley Earth Sciences and Map Library) Links to online vegetation maps.
    • International Bibliography of Vegetation Maps, Vol 1. Vegetation Maps of North America (Kuchler) 1965 (Ref Qk 101 D83 vol. 1) The California section lists vegetation maps which have appeared in periodicals, books and government documents through 1965.

    Maps and Atlases

    • CalFlora (CalFlora) Provides information on 8,375 currently recognized ferns, conifers and flowering plants in California, including over 800,000 records of plant observations and 20,000 photographs for half of the included species. Each entry includes common and scientific nomenclature, plant communities, habitats, elevation, notes on geographic distribution and lifeform, a map of geographic distribution by county based upon entries in the California Occurrence Library, and photographs if available. Search by common or scientific name, county, lifeform, elevation, plant community, and other parameters.
    • California Rivers Assessment (CARA) (Information Center for the Environment and California Resources Agency) For each of the 120 river basins in California five maps are available: hydrologic, vegetation, shaded relief, land ownership, and a 1:24,000 quad grid. Other nongraphic watershed statistics and information are also available. IceMaps2 provides interactive mapping capability.
    • California Vegetation/Wildlife Habitat Regions (Easter) Classified into 21 classes.
    • CalVeg (Classification and Assessment with Landsat of Visible Ecological Groupings) (US Forest Service) Mapping and classification system of California vegetation based on computer-assisted processing of satellite imagery that meets regional and national vegetation mapping standards.
      • CALVEG: A Classification of California Vegetation 1981 (QK 911 C34 1981) Contains descriptions of the original 129 vegetation alliances.
      • CALVEG: Mosaic of Existing Vegetation of California 1979 (map G 4361 D2 1979 U5) Map of existing vegetation at a scale of 1:1,000,000; includes accompanying descriptive booklet.
      • CalVeg Geobook 2001 (QK 149 C375 2001)  Self-contained electronic "book" on cd-rom that provides information on CalVeg vegetation alliances. It is keyed to the National Hierarchical Framework of Ecological Units found in California. Each alliance includes a description, maps and photos.
      • Existing Vegetation Data 2001 (QK 149 E85 2001) Set of GIS files for the state on cd-rom..
      • Vegetation Classification includes descriptions of current vegetation alliances and downloadable GIS files for the state
    • Central Valley Historic Mapping Project: Mapping 20th Century Vegetation Change (California State University, Chico Geographical Information Center) Set of historic natural vegetation maps for the Great Central Valley of California. Four period maps (pre-1900, 1945, 1960, and 1995) identify major changes that have occurred in the Great Central Valley due in part to hydrologic alterations associated with the Central Valley Project (1945) and the California State Water Project (1973).
    • CRISIS Maps (California Information Node) Interactive mapping application for weed observations in the regions of California and the Southwest. The weed observations are point observations that have been geo-referenced to latitude-longitude coordinates
    • Distribution of the Native Grasses of California (Beetle) Hilgardia 17(9):309-357, 1957 (print copy available in Periodical S 1 H5) Contains distribution maps of 184 grass species found in California. Includes an introductory section on the biogeography of grasses typically found in different floral associations in California.
    • Jepson Online Interchange for California Floristics (UC Berkeley Jepson Herbarium) Comprises all online information regarding the vascular flora of California produced as part of the Jepson Flora Project. It serves as an ongoing update to the Jepson Manual. Search by scientific or common name using the Index to California Plant Names; generate a species list by bioregion, or search specimen data by various geographic parameters using the SMASCH database from the Consortium of California Herbaria. Species distribution is plotted on a bioregional map.
    • Land Cover Change (California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection Fire and Resource Assessment Program) Series of county maps that map and assess changes in California's vegetation during a five year period. The five regional areas of the state are updated on a five year cycle. Part of the California Land Cover Mapping & Monitoring Program (LCMMP) that is a collaborative effort of the US Forest Service and CDF.
    • Natural Vegetation of California (Kuchler) 1977 (map G 4361 D2 1977 K9) 1:1,000,000 scale map, with accompanying booklet, of the potential natural vegetation of California; depicts 54 plant communities. Prepared in conjunction with Terrestrial Vegetation of California (ref QK 149 T44 2007).
    • Soil-Vegetation Maps (California Cooperative Soil Vegetation Survey) (map G 4361 J3 s62 U5) Ongoing map series at a scale of 1:31,680 or 1:24,000 that shows soil and vegetation characteristics in units as small as 10 acres. Geographic coverage is mostly northern California. See the index on Map Display Panel in the Atlas and Map Collection in the Library.
    • Timber-Stand--Vegetation Cover Maps (California Cooperative Soil Vegetation Survey) (map G 4361 K2 s31 U5) Series of 467 maps produced between 1948 and 1962 at a scale of 1:31,680 which show timber characteristics in northern California.
    • Vegetation Maps (University of California, Davis. California Rangelands Research and Information Center) Includes four maps: California Rangelands, Intermountain Rangelands, Mediterranean Rangelands, and Desert Rangelands.
    • Vegetation Classification and Mapping Program (VegCAMP) (California Department of Fish and Game) Program develops and maintains a standardized vegetation classification system for California based on the National Vegetation Classification System and works with partner agencies and institutions to produce detailed vegetation maps. The Manual of California Vegetation serves as the basis of the classification. The site links to reports produced in the ongoing program, vegetation maps available through BIOS and available GIS data. A map is available of California Vegetation Mapping Projects Based on the National Vegetation Classification System. VegCAMP reports are also available in the CDFG Documents Library.
    • Vegetation-Type Maps (US Forest Service) (map G 4361 D2 s62 U5) Series of 266 maps at a scale of 1:62,500 produced between 1928 and 1940 showing the vegetation of central and southern California. Twenty-three plant associations are identified in units of at least 20 acres in size. An accompanying booklet explains map symbols. The Wieslander Vegetation Type Mapping Project is an ongoing effort to digitize the products of the vegetation-type survey conducted by A.E. Wieslander during the 1920's and 1930's, most of which was never published. The dataset consisting of photos, species inventories, plot maps, and vegetation maps covering most of California at scales of 1:125,000 (30"), 1:62,500 (15"), 1:31,680 (7.5") or 1:24,000 (6"). It provides a snapshot of the state's vegetation in the early 20th century, making the collection an invaluable resource for examining changes in land cover and use, or habitat restoration. The site that is under development will provide georeferenced data and maps using a map browser interface and a database query by quad name, county, or species plot data.

    Magazines and Journals

    Fremontia (California Native Plant Society) Quarterly magazine that features articles covering botany, horticulture, vegetation in land management, CNPS projects, and related native plant topics. Many issues are thematic.

    Environmental History

    • California's Changing Landscapes: Diversity and Conservation of California Vegetation(Barbour) 1993 (QK 86 U6 C34 1993) Popularly written work that discusses individual California's plant communities in relationship to how they have changed over the years due to humans impact, what has replaced them, and what the future holds for them. The author begins with the impact of Native Americans.
    • "Outline History of California Vegetation" (Axelrod) pp. 139-193 IN Terrestrial Vegetation of California (Barbour and Major) 1988 (Ref QK 149 T44 1988) Paleobotanical history of California vegetation beginning with the Cenozoic Period.
    • Origin and Relationships of the California Flora (Raven and Axelrod) 1978 (QK 1 C2 #72) (University of California Publications in Botany #72) Paleobotanical treatise on the origins of the California flora.
    • Profiles of California Vegetation (Critchfield) 1971 (print copy available in Docs A 13.78: PSW-76) (USFS Research Paper PSW-76) Contains 57 elevational profiles that illustrate the dominant vegetation for much of the Sierra Nevada, southern Coast Ranges, and montane southern California as it existed in the 1930's. Created by the USFS's Vegetation Type Map survey, these profiles provide a historical record of the vegetation existing at the time of the survey and illustrate the influence of ecological factors such as elevation, exposure, and slope on the composition of the dominant vegetation.

    Data Compilations

    • CalFlora (CalFlora) Provides information on 8,375 currently recognized ferns, conifers and flowering plants in California, including over 800,000 records of plant observations and 20,000 photographs for half of the included species. Each entry includes common and scientific nomenclature, plant communities, habitats, elevation, notes on geographic distribution and lifeform, a map of geographic distribution by county based upon entries in the California Occurrence Library, and photographs if available. Search by common or scientific name, county, lifeform, elevation, plant community, and other parameters.
    • California Natural Diversity Database (California Department of Fish & Game) A fee-based database that contains location-specific information on California's endangered, threatened, and rare plants, animals, and natural communities. Data can be used to make conservation decisions, aid in better siting of development projects,and provide baseline data helpful in recovering endangered species and for research projects. Information can be retrieved by taxa, county, or USGS 1:24,000 scale topographic quadrangle. Products include text reports, detailed 1:24,000 quad overlays, gis layers, the standalone Rarefind application, and the free California Natural Diversity Database (CNDDB) Quick Viewer interactive mapper that lists species or natural communities that have been documented to occur within a county or a 1:24,000 topographic quad.
    • CalPhotos: Fungi (University of California Berkeley Natural History Museums) Contains over 4,000 photos of fungi with an emphasis on California. Retrieve photos by scientific name, common name or geographic location.
    • CalPhotos: Plants (University of California Berkeley Natural History Museums) Contains over 120,000 photos with an emphasis on California. Retrieve photos by scientific name, common name or geographic location.
    • Consortium of California Herbaria (University of California) Database containing information on hundreds of thousands of California vascular plant specimens that are housed in herbaria throughout the state. Searchable by scientific name, county, herbariium, collection date, collector, and geographic locality keyword. Many records are georeferenced by lat/long and can be shown on a map using an associated mapping utility.
    • Encycloweedia (California Department of Food and Agriculture) Contains data sheets containing information on the "...identification, biology, and management of plants defined as noxious weeds by California law." Browse by scientific name, common name, country of origin, or pest rating.
    • GAP Analysis of Mainland California: An Interactive Atlas of Terrestrial Biodiversity and Land Management (California GAP Analysis Project) 1995 (Atlas QH 76.5 C2 C34 1995) Provides an assessment of the conservation status of native vertebrate species and natural land cover types in California. Uses medium-scale distribution maps to show 300 dominant plant species, 200 plant communities, predicted distribution of 455 terrestrial wildlife species, 58 wildlife habitat types, and land ownership and management status. Will also display a list of rare or endangered species in a selected 1:24,000 USGS quadrangle. The interactive atlas allows one to make queries, displays, and analyses. Data can be downloaded in Arc/Info export format for use in a local GIS system. Data is available in statewide datasets or in subsets by ecological region. For additional information or to download GIS coverages directly from the Internet see the California GAP Analysis Home Page.
    • Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants of California (California Native Plant Society) Updated quarterly (print copy of 6th edition available in ref QK 86 U6 I58 2001) Provides status and distribution information for over 2,000 of California's rarest vascular and non-vascular plants, including all state and federally-listed plants and candidates and other plants that should be considered in environmental planning. Browse by family, county, life form, topographic quadrangle, or common name; construct a search using one or more variables; or construct a nine-quad search. Each species entry may include taxonomic information, image, protective status, life form, geographic range by county, range map, topographic quads where found, habitat, blooming period, elevation range, miscellaneous notes, and links to other sites.
    • Jepson Online Interchange for California Floristics (UC Berkeley Jepson Herbarium) Comprises all online information regarding the vascular flora of California produced as part of the Jepson Flora Project. It serves as an ongoing update to the Jepson Manual. Search by scientific or common name using the Index to California Plant Names; generate a species list by bioregion, or search specimen data by various geographic parameters using the SMASCH database from the Consortium of California Herbaria. Species distribution is plotted on a bioregional map.
    • Plants Database: State Search (U.S. Natural Resources Conservation Service) Provides standardized information about plants with a focus on vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories. Includes names, checklists, images, identification information, species abstracts, distributional data, crop information, plant symbols, plant growth data, legal status (threatened and endangered, noxious, wetland indicator status) and literature references. For each entry includes links to related sites.
    • Vegetation Classification and Mapping Program (VegCAMP) (California Department of Fish and Game) Program develops and maintains a standardized vegetation classification system for California based on the National Vegetation Classification System and works with partner agencies and institutions to produce detailed vegetation maps. The Manual of California Vegetation serves as the basis of the classification. The site links to reports produced in the ongoing program, vegetation maps available through BIOS and available GIS data. A map is available of California Vegetation Mapping Projects Based on the National Vegetation Classification System. VegCAMP reports are also available in the CDFG Documents Library.

    Reviews and Assessments

    Status of Rare, Threatened, and Endangered Animals and Plants in California (California Department of Fish and Game) Periodic (Cal Doc F650 T52) Starting in 1972, after passage of the California Endangered Species Act of 1970, these periodic reports describe the current status of state listed plant and animal species and recovery efforts being made to ensure their enhancement and survival. Earlier reports are found under alternative names --At the Crossroads: A Report on the Status of California's Endangered and Rare Fish and Wildlife (Cal Doc F650 A8) and Annual Report on the Status of California's Threatened and Endangered Plants and Animals (Cal Doc F650 T52).